What is the difference between a bid and a proposal?

A bid is a solicitation that is awarded solely by the lowest and best total bid that meets the specification requirements. A proposal is a solicitation that is not awarded solely by cost, but is instead evaluated based on a list of criteria developed specifically for each proposal called out in the specifications of the proposal. Criteria for evaluation can include, but is not limited to: cost, qualifications, ability to meet required timeline, and approach to the project.

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1. Do I have to attend pre-bid meetings to be eligible to bid?
2. What are pre-bid/pre-proposal meetings for?
3. How are proposals evaluated?
4. Is there a proposal opening?
5. Is there consideration for emerging business or disadvantage business for the evaluation of proposals?
6. What is the difference between a bid and a proposal?